What is the Grading System of VTU?

College Students Inside the Classroom

The Visvesvaraya Technological University (VTU) follows a Choice Based Credit System (CBCS) with absolute grading. This article delves into the details of VTU’s grading system, explaining letter grades, grade points, passing marks, and how the Semester Grade Point Average (SGPA) and Cumulative Grade Point Average (CGPA) are calculated. If you are preparing for your VTU exams, remember to check out LearnyHive for last-minute exam preparation tips and resources!

Letter Grades and Grade Points

Understanding Letter Grades

VTU uses letter grades (S, A, B, C, D, E, F) to represent student performance in each course. Each letter grade corresponds to a specific grade point on a 10-point scale. Here is a typical example:

  • S – Outstanding (10.00)
  • A – Excellent (9.00 – 9.99)
  • B – Very Good (8.00 – 8.99)
  • C – Good (7.00 – 7.99)
  • D – Above Average (6.00 – 6.99)
  • E – Average (5.00 – 5.99)
  • F – Fail (Below 5.00)

Significance of Grade Points

Grade points are crucial as they determine your SGPA and CGPA, reflecting your academic performance. Achieving higher grades not only helps you maintain a good academic record but also boosts your confidence and opens up better opportunities in your academic and professional journey. For more tips on how to excel in your VTU exams, visit LearnyHive.

Passing Marks

Minimum Requirement to Pass

To pass a course at VTU, a student needs a grade point of at least 5, typically corresponding to a letter grade of E or above. Students who receive an “F” grade are considered to have failed the course and need to reappear for the examination.

Implications of Failing a Course

Failing a course means you need to put in extra effort to clear it in the subsequent exams. It’s essential to identify your weak areas and work on them diligently. Our expert VTU professors at LearnyHive provide personalized guidance and resources to help you overcome these challenges.

Semester Grade Point Average (SGPA) and Cumulative Grade Point Average (CGPA)

What is SGPA?

The Semester Grade Point Average (SGPA) represents the average grade point for a specific semester. It’s calculated by considering the grade points and credits of all subjects in that semester, excluding “F” grades until that semester. Here’s how you can calculate your SGPA:

SGPA=∑(Grade Points×Credits)∑Credits\text{SGPA} = \frac{\sum (\text{Grade Points} \times \text{Credits})}{\sum \text{Credits}}SGPA=∑Credits∑(Grade Points×Credits)​

What is CGPA?

The Cumulative Grade Point Average (CGPA) represents the cumulative average grade point across all semesters you’ve completed. It considers the weighted average of your SGPA from each semester, again excluding “F” grades until that semester. Here’s the formula for calculating CGPA:

CGPA=∑(SGPA×Semester Credits)∑Total Credits\text{CGPA} = \frac{\sum (\text{SGPA} \times \text{Semester Credits})}{\sum \text{Total Credits}}CGPA=∑Total Credits∑(SGPA×Semester Credits)​

Importance of SGPA and CGPA

Both SGPA and CGPA are critical indicators of your overall academic performance. They play a significant role in determining your eligibility for further studies and job opportunities. Keeping your SGPA and CGPA high should be a priority. For strategies to maintain and improve your grades, explore the comprehensive courses offered by LearnyHive.

Resources for Understanding VTU’s Grading System

Official VTU Resources

VTU’s official website likely has a section dedicated to the CBCS and grading system. Look for sections like “Choice Based Credit System” or “Academic Regulations.” These resources provide detailed information and official guidelines.

Departmental Guidelines

Your department’s course curriculum might also outline the grading system specific to your program. It’s crucial to be well-versed with these guidelines to understand how your performance is evaluated.

LearnyHive – Your Partner in Success

At LearnyHive, we offer targeted resources to help you understand and excel in VTU’s grading system. From video courses by expert professors to model papers and predicted questions, our platform is designed to assist you in last-minute exam preparations and achieving top grades with minimal effort.


Understanding the grading system of VTU is crucial for every engineering student. It not only helps in setting academic goals but also in planning your study strategy effectively. Remember, achieving high grades requires consistent effort, smart study techniques, and the right resources. For all your last-minute exam preparation needs, LearnyHive is here to support you with expert guidance and comprehensive study materials.

Prepare smart, aim high, and let LearnyHive be your trusted partner in your academic journey!