How to Calculate CGPA after Clearing Backlog in VTU?

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Clearing backlogs in VTU can significantly improve your CGPA. Understanding how the calculation works can help you gauge your academic progress more accurately. In this article, we’ll break down the steps to calculate your CGPA after clearing backlogs and provide valuable resources to simplify the process.

What is CGPA and Why is it Important?

CGPA, or Cumulative Grade Point Average, is a crucial metric in the VTU system. It represents your overall academic performance and is used by employers and higher education institutions to assess your capabilities. Improving your CGPA by clearing backlogs can open up better opportunities and enhance your academic profile.

How VTU Calculates CGPA

VTU calculates CGPA by considering the grades obtained in each subject and their respective credit points. The formula involves multiplying the grade points by the credits for each subject, summing them up, and then dividing by the total number of credits.

Steps to Calculate CGPA After Clearing Backlogs

Step 1: Gather Your Information

To calculate your new CGPA after clearing backlogs, you’ll need the following information:

  • Previous CGPA: Your CGPA before clearing the backlogs.
  • New Grades: The marks or grades you received in the backlog subjects after clearing them.
  • Credits: The credit points for each subject, including both cleared backlogs and previously passed subjects.

Step 2: Calculate the SGPA for Cleared Backlogs

Calculate the Semester Grade Point Average (SGPA) for the semesters where you had backlogs. The SGPA calculation involves:

  • Multiplying the grade points by the credits for each subject.
  • Summing up these values.
  • Dividing by the total number of credits for that semester.

Step 3: Replace Old Grades with New Grades

The key point in CGPA calculation after clearing backlogs is that VTU considers the latest grade for a subject. If you achieved a higher grade after clearing the backlog, this new grade will replace the previous lower grade in your overall CGPA calculation.

Step 4: Recalculate the CGPA

To find your new CGPA:

  1. Replace the old grades with the new grades in your records.
  2. Use the formula for CGPA:

CGPA=∑(GradePoints×Credits)∑CreditsCGPA = \frac{\sum (Grade Points \times Credits)}{\sum Credits}CGPA=∑Credits∑(GradePoints×Credits)​

  1. Sum up the grade points multiplied by their respective credits for all subjects.
  2. Divide by the total number of credits.

Practical Example

Let’s illustrate this with an example:

  • Previous CGPA: 6.5
  • Cleared backlog in Subject X: Old Grade – C (6 points), New Grade – A (9 points)
  • Credits for Subject X: 4

Old Calculation:

CGPA=TotalGradePointsTotalCredits=6.5×2020=6.5CGPA = \frac{Total Grade Points}{Total Credits} = \frac{6.5 \times 20}{20} = 6.5CGPA=TotalCreditsTotalGradePoints​=206.5×20​=6.5

New Calculation:

CGPA=(6.5×20−6×4+9×4)20=130−24+3620=14220=7.1CGPA = \frac{(6.5 \times 20 – 6 \times 4 + 9 \times 4)}{20} = \frac{130 – 24 + 36}{20} = \frac{142}{20} = 7.1CGPA=20(6.5×20−6×4+9×4)​=20130−24+36​=20142​=7.1

Resources to Simplify CGPA Calculation

Online CGPA Calculators for VTU

Using online calculators can simplify the CGPA calculation process. These tools take your grades and credits as input and provide both SGPA and CGPA. Some recommended online calculators include:

  • VTU SGPA CGPA Calculator
  • CGPA to Percentage Converter

VTU Official Resources

While the VTU official site does not offer a CGPA calculator, it provides valuable information on the grading scheme, including details for different academic years. This can be useful for understanding how your grades convert to percentages and other metrics.

Tips for Students with Backlogs

Focus on Key Subjects

Identify subjects that have higher credits and focus on clearing them first. This can have a more significant impact on your CGPA.

Utilize Resources Like LearnyHive

For last-moment exam preparation, LearnyHive offers specialized video courses designed to help you study efficiently and score high. Our courses include very important questions with solutions explained by expert VTU engineering professors. These courses cover all 5 modules in just 4-5 hours, perfect for last-minute preparation.

Call to Action: Check out LearnyHive’s courses for a stress-free and effective way to prepare for your VTU exams. Visit LearnyHive to get started.

Consistent Effort and Practice

Regular study and consistent practice are key to improving your grades. Utilize previous year question papers, model papers, and predicted questions to prepare thoroughly.


Clearing backlogs can significantly enhance your CGPA, opening up new academic and career opportunities. By following the steps outlined above and utilizing resources like LearnyHive, you can efficiently calculate your CGPA and prepare for exams. Remember, while the process may seem complex, tools and resources are available to help you succeed.

Call to Action: For more tips and resources on VTU exam preparation, visit LearnyHive. Achieve your academic goals with minimal effort and maximum efficiency!

By understanding and applying these steps, you can accurately calculate your CGPA after clearing backlogs and take proactive steps towards improving your academic performance. Good luck!